Choosing the right model, using it correctly and efficiently, the multiple tasks for which you can use it — these are just some of the aspects that are good to know when it comes to cultivators. Read more about this modern and multifunctional agricultural equipment in our guide.
The cultivator is one of the most complex machines that can help you ensure the efficient preparation of the soil for crops and, in general, the maintenance of the land in the household. In order to benefit from its performances and to be worth the investment made, it is advisable to know a few basic things about choosing and using these agricultural equipments.
Motocultor versus motosapa
Chainsaw is a lighter agricultural tool, used mainly for shredding the soil, but also for plowing, sowing, planting, maintaining crops, when the land allows it (soft, loose, sandy). It is recommended for gardens of small and medium surfaces, up to 1500 square meters and generally works up to 10–12 cm deep. Because it is smaller and lighter than a cultivator, it is less recommended for difficult terrain.
The cultivator is a stronger, more stable alternative, with higher weight and higher engine power, indicated for lands with an area of more than 1.5–2ha and hard, sticky soils, with boulders, which require more force. It can also be used with a wider variety of accessories, from plowshares to snow blades, replacing most of the traditional tools needed in a household.
Hobby, semi-professional or professional model
The main criteria that will help you choose between the three product categories are the surface you want to work with and the width of the blades, which influence the possibility of access in limited areas as space and the efficiency of approaching large areas of land. The hobby versions are designed to meet the wear requirements of an area of 1500 to 5000sqm, and the width of the cutters reaches up to 70–80cm.
The semi-professional models are intended for those who own agricultural land up to 10000sqm, being equipped with blades up to 100cm, wide enough to cover in time larger areas that you want to cultivate. These versions are usually equipped with more speeds, both for forward and reverse, and more powerful engines.
The professional options are heavier and include blades that can penetrate the ground up to 20–25cm and reach widths of 120–145cm. Because they are equipped with engines with higher power and have better stability, it is much easier to deal with hard or clay soils.
The right time for garden work
With the right cultivator you can approach a variety of soil types, from sandy and loose, to hard and crumbly or clayey and sticky. However, the difficulty of the works increases when it rained outside enough to soak the soil with water, a situation in which the equipment will consume more fuel and will be less efficient.
If you work the soil when it is very wet, you will form large pieces that solidify over time, being more difficult to grind later. For those who have to cultivate a land that has not been plowed for several years, it can be more efficient to use the cultivator after a period in which it rained 2–3 days. However, it is recommended to wait another day, so that the water drains, so that the ground is soft enough to be able to easily cross with the blades through it, but not flooded or sticky.
The soil must be prepared before entering with the cultivator
Because weeds can slow down the cultivator, affecting the speed of work, it is good to cut the greens before starting to plow. You can use an electric or gasoline mower, or a lawn mower, if the ground is flat and straight enough to allow its efficient use. It is enough to remove the large vegetation, because the smaller grasses will be easily cut by the cultivator’s cutters.
It is also recommended to cover the surface that you will approach with the cultivator and to remove all boulders, stones, pieces of wood or other obstacles that can damage the blades or block the knives.
The working depth is set depending on the terrain
The looser and softer the soil, the deeper you can go with the cutters for the first time. But if it is a hard, compact ground, which has not been worked for a long time, it is better to start with a small or medium depth, so that you can move forward easily without overloading the equipment. For example, the best Ruris cultivator offers you the possibility to dig up to 36 cm in the soil, deep plowing being recommended for aerating the soil and efficient weed control.
The ground must be traversed twice with a cutter
In order to obtain uniform furrows and work the soil efficiently, it is important not to force the equipment and to cross the ground with the speed imposed by the quality of the soil, in a slow enough rhythm to be able to easily penetrate the soil with blades. Plowing is completed by a second pass, this time made perpendicular to the first turn of the furrows and with the cutters set at the maximum depth level allowed by the cultivator. This measure has the role of ensuring the crushing of the soil and the preparation for sowing.
The cultivator helps you to enrich the soil with nutrients
Once the soil has been shredded properly, you can use the equipment to ensure that the fertilizers are spread and penetrate into the soil. The uniformization of the compost is done by fixing the cultivator with the blades set to a depth of about 8 cm, after which it is recommended to leave the soil for a few weeks to absorb the nutrients.
After this period, pass once more with the cultivator with a milling cutter at medium depth, to ensure the efficient mixing of the fertilizer, and once again perpendicular to the furrows and your land is finally ready for sowing.
Motor cultivator accessories
Most cultivators allow use with a variety of accessories that turn it into a multifunctional tool. These include: milling cutter, trailer, plow, snow blade, hoe, cutter, mower, water pump, etc.