From the preparation of the land for work, the general safety measures in working with gasoline and to the storage and maintenance conditions of a cultivator, the correct use of such equipment significantly conditions the result obtained and the life of the product.
Have you bought a Ruris cultivator and can’t wait for the rain to stop to start using it? Although it seems quite simple to use, for optimal, safe and efficient operation, it is good to follow as carefully as possible the instructions for use specific to this type of agricultural equipment. Here are some general recommendations that apply regardless of the model chosen from the manufacturer’s range.
Safe fuel management
If you have chosen a petrol-powered option, it is important to remember that you cannot refuel indoors, but only in an open space, where air flows freely, and that you must be away from any source of fire or spark. . If you are a smoker, the lit cigarette has nothing to do with approaching the machine. It is equally important to work carefully so as not to contaminate the soil with gasoline or engine oil, in which case the plants will not grow at all or will not be safe for consumption. Gasoline must be stored in a space where children do not have access.
Never try to refuel the device while the engine is running, no matter how much you hurry. The engine must also be allowed to cool before filling the tank, as there is a risk that petrol fumes will ignite.
The fuel is only stored in special containers, which you use only for this liquid. If you accidentally spill gasoline while refueling, it is important not to turn on the machine as sparks may occur. Remove it from the contaminated area which will become safe only after all the vapors have dissipated.
Protect yourself using appropriate equipment
Never start work without the right protective equipment, which means hearing protection headphones, especially if your model generates more than 80dB and you know that you have a few good hours of plowing waiting for you. Equally important are goggles, gloves and durable, robust, stable footwear with a good grip. Avoid loose clothing that can get caught in wheels, blades or other parts of the appliance.
Watch out for hot areas
During operation, both the engine and the exhaust system heat up strongly enough to cause severe burns upon accidental contact. So be careful not to touch these areas and store the cultivator only after they have cooled.
Installation of components
Before you can use the cultivator, you will need to assemble the items that come separately in the package. The steps are clearly explained in the technical manual of each Ruris model, which is why it is important to take at least a few minutes to go through it. For your safety and efficient use, all components must be mounted correctly and fixed very well.
Always check engine oil and transmission oil level
Also in the technical manual you will find data about the amount and type of oil you need to use for the engine and transmission. Another useful information is that the Ruris models are not delivered ready to be oiled, so don’t forget to take care of this before starting the device.
In the technical specifications of the purchased product you will find both the oil recommended for use, from the range offered by Ruris, and the quality standard that you must look for if you want to use oil from another manufacturer.
Checking the oil level is done before each use. It is an important step, because an insufficient amount can mean engine or transmission failure and high repair costs involved.
Test the orders
Whether it is the first use after installation or the tenth use, before starting the device it is advisable to check each threaded element, to make sure that all are tight. The bolts must all be mounted and fastened securely. Each lever must move easily and respond quickly to commands (clutch, acceleration, etc.). Don’t forget the wheels and if they are of the tire type, check the pressure (the optimal level is between 1.5–2bar).
Although cultivators cope quite well with rough terrain, they are never used in a position that involves tilting at an angle of more than 15 degrees. It is equally important not to put a Ruris cultivator ( here are some comparative offers ) on a field that you know is stony, because repeated contact with hard objects will damage the knives and may overload the engine. For the same reason, before plowing an agricultural area, it is recommended to remove stones, thick branches, pieces of metal left from other tools, etc.
The cultivator must be cleaned after each use, removing dirt and grease stains, and storage is done in a space away from moisture, mechanical shocks and the direct action of sunlight. The engine oil is changed to a maximum of 25 hours of operation, and for the transmission oil, the replacement period is 50 hours of use.
Every 150 hours of use, a complete evaluation is recommended, which includes observing the equipment during operation to detect abnormal vibrations, unusual sounds, overheating of certain areas, weakening of bolts, etc. Checking also involves removing any type of dirt and ensuring the required amount of oil to the engine and transmission, plus filter cleaning.
After 300 hours of use, the operations from the first verification cycle are resumed, to which is added the evaluation of the bearings, assemblies, bolts and screeds and the replacement with new ones if damage is observed. When you exceed 1000 operating hours, it is good to go with a cultivator to a Ruris service for a complete check of the parts and systems.