Why choose an apartment cactus? There are many aspects that plead for this acquisition: it is very easy to maintain, it is not pretentious in terms of environmental conditions, it adapts and, in addition, it has a very pleasant appearance, and if you choose a model that will flourish, it will offer you a real show.
Many people opt for different species of cacti, to beautify their interior, with beautiful shapes and colors. If you have not yet had and are not familiar with the care of apartment cacti, read this article where you will find the answer to the most frequently asked questions about this aspect.
Some general information
They are desert plants, perennials, where you can find a wide variety of shapes, shades and sizes. Their development takes place over several years. There are many types of cacti that differ depending on appearance, origins, place of growth, etc., but in this article we will look especially at the apartment.
Their appearance is fleshy, with a juicy stem, which can be of several shapes: flattened, oval, cylindrical, globular, etc. Instead of leaves, they have thorns. You can choose species of cacti that bloom in order to enjoy the perfect beauty of the flower, in various colors on white, red, purple, yellow, etc. Most of the time it has only one flower and it rarely appears, being expected and desired. The flowers can have different shapes and sizes, some being even huge, with a very attractive color.
What cacti can you choose for the apartment?
There are many species of apartment cacti and here are some to arouse your curiosity:
- Mammillaria — is a cactus suitable for the apartment, small in size, which you can find in several shapes: round, elongated, discoid, spherical. The roots are thick, with tubers on the stem, which protect it from direct sunlight and retain water, with stiff spines. A flowering cactus will be in shades of white, red or yellow, and the flower is about 7 mm in diameter.
- Ariocarpus — if you choose flowers with cacti , you can choose this species, which is more special, being without thorns and with a stone appearance, which has a more special color, from light green to gray. The flower is centrally located, very bright and strong, it blooms from September to October.
- Cleistocactus — in the form of light green protuberances, of different lengths, which bend and cover the whole space nicely. The stems are cylindrical and can be in the number of 10–15 pieces.
- Gymnocalycium — with a flattened spherical stem, gray — green with brown tints, which blooms in different shapes (like a bud, like a ball, etc.).
What are the environmental conditions in which the plant grows best?
Because there are plants that love the sun directly , even if you keep them in the apartment, you must provide them with intense light and it is advisable to place them at the window, and if you have a choice — at the south-facing one.
Although they like the heat, it is important to know how to adapt plants to low temperatures in winter. You can also leave them at temperatures lower than 8–10 degrees C during the day and 4–6 degrees C at night, but they must be watered less often. However, they also need light during this period, and the place where they are placed must be dry.
Thus, you will ensure the plant a period of rest , in a cooler, brighter and drier place. This period can be 4–5 months. It helps regenerate the plant and will bloom again. Ventilating the room where you have a cactus is very important, regardless of the season.
How to water the cactus?
Given their origin, being many desert cacti, they are adapted to such conditions and should not be watered too often . Excess water, especially in winter, can be extremely harmful, and can even lead to plant rot.
During the rest period you can water it 2–3 times in November — December, in January you can take a break and start again in February. You will gradually increase the amount of water and the frequency of watering, as you see new shoots appear.
You definitely want flowering cacti, and for this you must be careful to respect the rest periods. During the summer, you will water it when you see that the soil is dry and without exaggeration. Excretion to plants takes place through perspiration, a very important process for them, because it ensures the proper functioning of the system.
In which vessel are they kept?
You also choose the pot in which you will put the cactus, depending on its type, ie if it grows vertically or horizontally. If you have small cacti, choose a container that is at least 5 cm wider in diameter, because its roots grow much in length and expand.
If you choose a cactus that grows vertically, the pot must be at least half its height in diameter. Avoid tall and thin pots, because the root will not grow as it wants.
For a dessert cactus, the best is a clay pot that will retain moisture and you will not need to water it very often.
What type of soil to choose?
Although the soil for cacti does not have to be something special, they adapt very well, you can use certain mixtures that are suitable and help the plants to have a better development.
You can walk on a mixture of peat and sand with a layer of gravel on top. It is not necessary to add fertilizers or choose a soil rich in organic components. But it is important that the chosen soil lets the water drain well. The cactus does not need to be replanted.
How do they multiply?
As with any succulent plant , propagation can be done by seeds or cuttings. They are not very pretentious, the sowing can be done at any time, however it is recommended in the spring.
They can also be grafted to create highly prized and special decorative plants.
Now that you have learned more about caring for cacti, you can buy a few pots and enjoy the beauty it offers, harmonizing in any decor.