Utility, clean or dirty water, with or without shredder, hydrophore or submersible type? Don’t know what and how to choose when it comes to the right water pump? Find in this article the information you need to make the best decision, taking into account the conditions of use.
Do you have problems with drainage or domestic water and do you know that you need a water pump, but it is not clear to you which one? Browse this article and find out which are the most important categories to choose from depending on the conditions in which the device will work and the result you want to achieve.
Clean water pump
These pump models are used to capture and further transmit water from wells, boilers, basements or tanks, thus working with clean liquid, without foreign bodies or residual particles, even small ones.
It is the category to which we recommend you to orient yourself if you try to supplement the domestic water, capturing from the groundwater and you have a fountain with good water in the garden, from which you can bring the liquid in the house. It can be just as useful for disposing of water that has entered the home or cellar after a pipe has broken, as long as we are talking about a clean and well-maintained cellar.
You can also use a pump designed to work with clean water and when you want to design a garden irrigation system, whether we are talking about periodic or continuous spraying, by drip system or sprinklers.
Variants for dirty water
As the name suggests, the structure of these options gives them the strength needed to work smoothly with water with impurities, but not with coarse residues. So you can capture water from lakes and ponds, ensure the emptying of a pool from which you want to change the water or evacuate the water accumulated in the house or in the basement following floods.
A pump that can circulate dirty water is what you need if you have a toilet in the basement or in any other location that is located below the drain. This type of pumping instrument is also used to capture waste from septic tanks used by those who live in the house and are not connected to the sewer network.
But it is important to remember that, while these devices can easily handle everything that means human natural waste and even partially degraded toilet paper, they will block if you throw in the toilet pampers, absorbents, plastic packaging, cotton wool and other products that do not they have a place there.
Models with shredder
With these technical versions we already reach another level of performance. Shredder pumps can easily cope with large wastewater, being suitable for projects such as draining ponds or lakes and capturing water accumulated on agricultural land and in gardens, following floods.
But they are not infallible, so if you are thinking of installing such an option to collect toilet waste, you will still need to be careful what you throw in the toilet. They are sometimes included in the systems that ensure the circulation of household water from the sinks to the general installation, thus preventing clogging due to the larger residues of food entering the circuit.
Technically, all pumps create pressure in the system in which they operate when used. However, pressure pumps are a special category, and their role is to correct the way water flows in the network.
If, for example, you live somewhere on the outskirts of the city or on a hilltop, the water may not reach you with enough pressure and you may have problems when you want to take a shower, or your plant may not work. properly. The role of such a pump is to increase the pressure on the circuit, so that you enjoy a good flow both on the ground floor and upstairs.
These models include pressure sensors that have the role of automatically activating the start and stop of the device, so that the pump works only when its intervention is needed.
You need such a pump if you have installed air conditioning in a location where the water produced by condensation, as a result of the operation of the appliance, can not drain naturally to the ground, without affecting the wall and masonry.
The pump has the role of capturing this liquid and redirecting it to another location where the drainage can be done efficiently and cleanly, without unpleasant consequences.
If you are one of those who want to install heat in the floor, for this segment of heat distributor you need a recirculation pump. Its role is to ensure the flow of water through pipes, in a closed circuit, so that the temperature remains constant and the pressure is at the optimum level.
Submersible or surface pump
If you start or look for water pumps ( here the list proposed by us ) you will notice that they are mainly divided into two technical categories: submersible and hydrophore type. You need a submersible model if you want to collect water from a source deeper than 8m, the maximum level that most surface versions can reach. Otherwise, you can deal with a model whose mechanical system is located on the shore, reaching only the hose in the water.
It is good to know that if it is a question of bringing water from a nearby river or from a fountain, you will often manage with a hydrophore. Submersible pumps are quieter, more powerful and consume less electricity, but you don’t have much to do with them at shallow depths.
These models are designed as backup pumps for one-off actions, such as when your home is flooded. Most do not include floats, because they are designed to be turned on and off manually and operate under the direct supervision of the user.